Age-Related Macular Degeneration is a disease where the central part of the retina (macula) deteriorates causing blindness. The macula is responsible for focusing central vision in the eye and when it is compromised patients lose the ability to see objects, read, and drive. There are three stages of Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD):
Early AMD: At this stage many patients do not have noticeable vision loss but show visible deposits beneath their retina in eye exams.
Intermediate AMD: Patients may begin to see vision loss at this stage but they do show larger deposits as well as pigment changes during their eye exam.
Late AMD: At this stage there is noticeable vision loss as well as obvious signs found during a comprehensive eye exam.
To test for macular degeneration we will perform a comprehensive eye exam where he uses several tests and machines to check for changes in color and deposits underneath the retina. Since vision loss doesn’t occur until later stages it is very important to have yearly comprehensive eye exams.
There is currently no known treatment or cure for macular degeneration but there are lifestyle changes that can help slow progression of the disease. We suggest you eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, refrain from smoking, and protect your eyes from UV sunlight.